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The use of carpet in the home offers noise reduction and warmth insulation, which results in good energy conservation. However, traditionally produced carpets emit high levels of dangerous compounds, which directly damage the environment. Modern effective production, treatment and discarding of carpets can greatly increase their environmental friendliness. The production method and materials used during manufacturing will directly affect the everyday use of the carpet, and ultimately the discarding options at the end of it’s lifecycle.
The use of such components such as hydrocarbons, CFCs, benzol, vinylacetate, formaldehyde and butadiene in the manufacturing process has been restricted and in some cases banned, in an attempt to reduce the levels of VOCs (volatile organic compounds) which carpets emit. These harmful components directly contribute to air pollution, both locally and globally. As well as the carpet product, the environmental impact of adhesives and glues used during installation is also an issue. Glues must comply with ‘EC1 classification’, which ensures very low emissions.
The collection and recycling of carpet which has reached the end of its life-cycle is also a current environmental issue.